The Qur’an is a very unique book in terms of its composition. Its 114 chapters (or ‘Surahs’ in Arabic) are not arranged chronologically or thematically. Even within the individual chapters, numerous topics can be covered with sudden switches from one topic to another and then back again.
This unique structure at face value may appear to be disjointed. However, modern research has discovered a sophisticated structural coherence in the Qur’an known as ring composition.
THEORY OF RING COMPOSITION
Ring composition has been explained by Mary Douglas in her book “Thinking in Circles: An Essay on Ring Composition”. In ring compositions there must be a correspondence between the beginning and the end. It is structured as a sort of circle, or mirror image. The central meaning of the text is placed at its centre. The second half mirrors the first half, in reverse order — e.g., A, B, C, D, C’…
View original post 1,228 more words
The nervous system of the leech is said to be very similar to the human nervous system. As the pictures in Figure 1 and 2 show, the nervous systems of a leech and human have some similarities, the most obvious is the central nervous tissue and ladder-like nerve network.
“With neither artifact nor archive, the student of Islamic origins could quite easily become victim of a literary and linguistic …